Carbonizate as a substitute for natural graphite in ‘green energy technologies’


Duration of the project:
01.06.2016 – 31.05.2019

Head of project:

prof. dr hab. inż. Barbara Białecka


Project partners:
Portugal- University of Porto- Faculty of Sciences (UP Portugalia- REQUIMTE (Rede de Química e Tecnologia) -Associação (RQE)
Portugal - Pegop – Energia Eléctrica, SA (PGP
Argentina - University of Buenos Aires (UBA)
Romania- University "Constantin Brancusi" of Targu Jiu (UCB): Rumunia - University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest (UPB)
Poland - Główny Instytut Górnictwa (GIG)
Poland - CARBO-GRAF Sp. z o.o (CBF)
Republic of South Africa - University of Johannesburg (UJ)


The project concerns the possibility of obtaining carbonizate from fly ash and bottom ash from coal combustion, coming from current production and deposited in landfills, as a substitute for natural graphite, in ‘green energy’ technologies. The project includes innovative methods and technologies for recovery and transformation of carbonizate obtained from ashes into high-quality materials in various applications. This allows replacing natural graphite with its substitute. The project envisages the use of various types of ash from coal combustion in an environmentally safe manner to recover carbonate concentrates from them. Then, they are used as a precursor for the production of composite materials with metal oxides, in applications as catalysts for the production of sustainable energy: hydrogen evolution reactions (HER), oxygen rejection (OER), oxygen reduction reactions (ORR) for fuel cell technology and water distribution (simultaneous production of O2 and H2). The project also has an additional goal related to the assessment of natural graphite resources. It assumes the collection and characterization of samples of technological properties of natural graphite in the member countries of the consortium and a comparison of these properties with the properties of the obtained separated carbonizates and those subjected to the graphitization process. The implementation of the project will allow assessing the possibilities of protecting natural graphite resources by using its substitute.

The project includes the following tasks:

  • WP0 Preparation of activities to start the project implementation
  • WP1 Sampling and characteristics of fly ash, bottom ash and natural graphite
  • WP2 Enriching and graphitizing of carnonizate
  • WP3 Determination of technological properties of carbonaceous materials
  • WP4 The use of graphitized carbohydrates

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