Department of Mining Aerology


Plac Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice, Poland


Head of Department

dr hab. inż. Janusz Cygankiewicz
telefon: 32 259 25 71






mgr inż. Marek Więckowski
telefon: 32 259 25 64









dr hab. inż. Janusz Cygankiewicz
telefon: 32 259 25 71






The Department of Mining Aerology performs scientific and research works for mining and non-mining entities in the field of ventilation, air-conditioning and fire hazard prevention. The Laboratory of Coal Spontaneous Combustion specializes  in forecasting, assessing and fighting fire hazard in hard coal mines based on constant monitoring of the mine atmosphere in the areas of exploited longwalls. Comprehensive chromatographic analysis of mine air samples and the possibility of trace determination of such gases as acetylene, ethylene, propylene, hydrogen, carbon monoxide and isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen allows an objective evaluation of the development of the self-heating process in coal mines. The Laboratory has fully automated and modern measuring equipment necessary for fast and very precise determination of the selected components of mine air as well as for performing tests on coals. The equipment consists of 10 gas chromatographic stations, 2 gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric stations, sorption station and several calorimetric stations, each of them equipped with specialized software for recording and processing the results of performed analysis.


  • Ventilation methods:
    • Design of ventilation systems for mines as well as industrial and construction facilities
    • Analysis of ventilation costs and working out cost reduction methods
    • Expert opinions in the field of methane, dust, fire and radiation hazard control by means of ventilation methods
    • Investigation into gas migration in mine workings with the use of tracer gas SF­6
    • Design of auxiliary ventilation systems
    • Design of tunnel ventilation during both tunneling and extraction
    • Working out potential coal mines schemes together with their analysis
  • Tests regarding objects tightness by means of tracer gas SF6
  • Energy testing of fans, pumps and compressors


  • Thermal testing of air-conditioning equipment
  • Mine air-conditioning methods
  • Mapping of rock primary temperature isolines for designed extraction levels and deposits
  • Evaluation of geothermal conditions based on maps of rock primary temperature isolines for active and designed extraction levels and coal seams
  • Prediction of climate hazard in the workings ventilated by both the main and auxiliary ventilation systems
  • Development of model climatic solutions for underground workings with auxiliary ventilation
  • Development of effective climate hazard prevention methods for mining panels
  • Tests and implementation of solutions to improve the operation efficiency of mining cooling equipment
  • Design of ventilation and air-conditioning systems for deep extraction levels and entire mines
  • Expertise on reducing air-conditioning costs
  • Rules of employing miners in hot microclimate


  • Investigation into susceptibility of coals to spontaneous combustion
    • according to PN-93/G-04558 standard
    • using the calorimetric method
  • Determination of critical conditions for spontaneous combustion of coal in the seam
  • Development of a model of gas emission from the heated fragment of coal deposit
  • Monitoring of fire hazard level in coal mines based on the precise chromatographic analysis (trace content of carbon monoxide, ethylene, propylene, acetylene and hydrogen and oxygen isotopes) of gas samples together with a current risk assessment
  • Prediction of fire hazard in mines together with a risk assessment
  • Monitoring of the process of  fire suppression and cooling of heated coal mass in sealed off workings based on the precise chromatographic analysis of gas samples
  • Determination of conditions for safe opening and ventilation of the workings sealed off due to fire hazard
  • Elaboration of the principles for effective fire prevention:
    • determination of minimum longwall advance on grounds of fire hazard
    • selection of an inert gas
    • selection of means that limit air flow through the gobs
    • elaboration of principles for prevention based on the use of inhibitors of spontaneous combustion process
  • Selection of the equipment and measures necessary for extinguishing fires
  • Extinguishing of underground fires by means of active and passive methods
  • Investigation into  spontaneous combustion of various materials
  • Organization and completion of equipment for laboratories performing research relating to:
    • early detection of endogenous fires based on the trace content of selected gases in air samples
    • susceptibility of coals to spontaneous combustion
  • Determining the rules for fire detection in tunnels

Since 1998 we have been accredited by the Polish Centre for Accreditation (Accreditation Certificate AB 005).


+ 48-32-259-2000